Ploughshares Fund

Through the Peace and Security Funding Index, Candid and the Peace and Security Funders Group aim to illuminate the field of peace and security grantmaking and provide a nuanced understanding of the issues and strategies peace and security funders support. The Index tracks funding for work to prevent future conflict, resolve existing conflict, and support stability and peace across 24 issue areas (e.g., peacebuilding, nuclear issues). It includes grantmaking by institutional funders, including private foundations, public charities, and community foundations.

About the Peace and Security Funders Group

The Peace and Security Funders Group (PSFG) is a network of peace and security funders committed to promoting international peace and security. PSFG is dedicated to enhancing the effectiveness of philanthropy that’s focused on peace and security issues. To this end, PSFG facilitates the exchange of information and ideas; fosters collaboration; and provides educational opportunities for its members. PSFG also encourages new funders to join the field. In addition, PSFG seeks to catalyze a shift in its membership to embrace a more diverse, inclusive, and equitable approach to peace and security funding; and to build a case for why diversity, equity, and inclusion are integral to increased effectiveness of peace and security grantmaking. Learn more at www.peaceandsecurity.org.

About Candid

Foundation Center and GuideStar joined forces in 2019 to become Candid, a 501c3 nonprofit organization. Every year, millions of nonprofits spend trillions of dollars around the world. Candid finds out where that money comes from, where it goes, and why it matters. Through research, collaboration, and training, Candid connects people who want to change the world to the resources they need to do it. Candid’s data tools on nonprofits, foundations, and grants are the most comprehensive in the world. Find out more at www.candid.org.

Frequently Asked Questions

Where is the information/data from?

Candid, the leading source of philanthropy worldwide, compiles grants data from IRS Forms 990 and 990-PF, foundation websites and other public sources, as well as through direct reporting by grantmakers. The data included on the site and in the report is based on grantmaking by a set of the largest U.S. foundations, whose grants data is publicly available. It also includes foundations based in the U.S. and other countries that have provided grants data directly to Candid.

Why does the data stop at 2019 — where is the data from 2020?

Because much of the grants information is collected from IRS forms or relies on direct reporting by foundations, there tends to be a several-years lag from the time a grant is made to when the data is made available to Candid. Grants are then loaded to Candid databases, cleaned, and indexed before researchers can develop the comprehensive dataset of peace and security funding.

How do you define peace and security grantmaking?

Peace and security grantmaking includes all grants that aim to prevent and resolve conflict and to support stable, resilient societies. For the purposes of this project, PSFG’s definition of conflict includes recurrent violence involving multiple perpetrators and victims that takes place in locations where there is a partial or complete breakdown in the state’s monopoly on violence or perpetrated by the state itself against a civil population.

How has the project taxonomy changed since the Index was originally launched in April 2016?

For the 2017 Index, we refined our taxonomy and coding strategies in order to present a more precise picture of the peace and security funding landscape. Based on feedback we received from foundations, policymakers, and grantees, the website now displays data by 24 specific issue areas, rather than the five main issue categories that were used to organize the data on the site at the time of the initial launch. You can now see the regional breakdown, top funders, and strategies for each of these 24 issues. Website data from 2012 and 2013 have been mapped against this new taxonomy, though the associated key findings report based on 2013 data has not been updated and reflects the original taxonomy. In 2018, we added an additional issue category for cybersecurity.

Why is the data from 2019 so much lower than that from previous years?

Grants data from 2019 are still in the process of being indexed. Complete data will be added to the site once it’s ready in 2021.

What explains the nearly $100M increase between 2016 and 2017?

The increase in amount is largely due to grantmaking by several funders:

    1. Buffet’s grantmaking was up $40 million over 2016
    2. Kellogg appears in the top ten (unlike in previous years) due to a lot of grantmaking for ‘racial healing and reconciliation’ in a U.S. context. These grants are coded for conflict resolution and peacebuilding (new under PCS II)
    3. Open Society Institute ranks quite high as a funder for 2017 (compared with 2016) and the largest grants are to other OSF entities in Eastern Europe. Foundation to Promote Open Society is down in the rankings, but together OSI and FPOS’ combined total is similar to 2016.
    4. Other prominent funders with increased totals in 2017 are Oak Foundation, Silicon Valley Community Foundation, Rockefeller, and Wellspring

How can I help to improve this research?

Foundations can help to increase the timeliness and accuracy of the Peace and Security Index by submitting recent grants data with detailed descriptions identifying each grant’s purpose and goals via Candid's eReporting program. Our ability to provide a nuanced and up-to-date picture of the funding landscape depends on your support.

Who can I contact if I have questions, feedback, or want to learn more about submitting data?

Please contact Rachel LaForgia rlaforgia [at] peaceandsecurity [dot] org or Inga Ingulfsen inga.ingulfsen [at] candid [dot] org.

What foundations are included in this mapping?

Funders included in the 2018 Peace and Security Index:

A. V. Hunter Trust, Inc.

Abilis Foundation

African Women's Development Fund

Alan B. Slifka Foundation, Inc.

Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

American Friends Service Committee

American Jewish World Service

Ann Arbor Area Community Foundation

Annenberg Foundation

Aon Foundation

Appleton Foundation

Arcus Foundation

Arie and Ida Crown Memorial

Arizona Community Foundation

Arkansas Community Foundation

Arnhold Foundation, Inc.

Bader Philanthropies Inc

Berks County Community Foundation

Bernard and Sandra Otterman Foundation

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Bill and Susan Oberndorf Foundation

Blue Shield of California Foundation

Boston Foundation Inc

Brazil Fund for Human Rights Foundation - FBDH

Brooklyn Community Foundation

Bush Foundation


Caerus Foundation, Inc.

California Community Foundation

Carnegie Corporation of New York

Carol & Ralph Haile, Jr./U.S. Bank Foundation

Carrie Estelle Doheny Foundation

Catalyst for Peace

Central Indiana Community Foundation, Inc.

Central New York Community Foundation, Inc.

Channel Foundation

Charles Koch Foundation

Charles Stewart Mott Foundation

Charles and Lynn Schusterman Family Foundation

Cherna Moskowitz Foundation

Chino Cienega Foundation

Cisco Systems Foundation

Citi Foundation

Colombe Peace Foundation

Comic Relief

Communities Foundation of Texas, Inc.

Community Foundation for Greater Atlanta, Inc.

Community Foundation for Southeast Michigan

Community Foundation of Greater Memphis

Community Foundation of New Jersey

Community Foundation of North Texas

Community Foundation of Santa Cruz County

Community Foundation of Tampa Bay, Inc.

Compton Foundation, Inc.

Conrad N. Hilton Foundation

Dalio Foundation, Inc.

Dan Murphy Foundation

Dennis & Phyllis Washington Foundation, Inc.

Diana Davis Spencer Foundation

Disability Rights Fund, Inc.

Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Inc.

Dorot Foundation

Dr. Scholl Foundation

Dreilinden, GmbH

Duke Energy Foundation

East Bay Community Foundation

Ecumenical Women's Initiative

Ed Rachal Foundation

Einhorn Family Charitable Trust

Equality Fund

Euro-Mediterranean Foundation of Support to Human Rights Defenders

Eva L. and Joseph M. Bruening Foundation

F. M. Kirby Foundation, Inc.

F. R. Bigelow Foundation

FASOL - Fondo Accion Solidaria, A.C.

FRIDA - The Young Feminist Fund

Fairfield County's Community Foundation, Inc.

Flora Family Foundation

Fondo De Mujeres Del Sur

Fondo Lunaria Mujer

Fondo de Mujeres Bolivia Apthapi Jopueti

Ford Foundation

Ford Motor Company Fund

Foundation For The Carolinas

Foundation for Middle East Peace

Foundation for a Just Society

Foundation to Promote Open Society

Fred C. and Katherine B. Andersen Foundation

Freedom House, Inc.

Fund for Global Human Rights, Inc.

Fund for Nonviolence

G. II Charities

GE Foundation

GHR Foundation

GPD Charitable Trust

Gates Family Foundation

General Service Foundation

Girls Rights Project

Global Dialogue

Global Greengrants Fund, Inc.

Grand Rapids Community Foundation

Greater Cincinnati Foundation

Greater Houston Community Foundation

Greater Kansas City Community Foundation

Greater Washington Community Foundation

Harold Alfond Foundation

Harry J Lloyd Charitable Trust

Hassenfeld Foundation

Hawaii Community Foundation

Heising-Simons Foundation

Henry Luce Foundation

Hess Foundation, Inc.

Hickey Family Foundation

Hill-Snowdon Foundation


Horizons Foundation

Houston Endowment

Howard Charitable Foundation

Howard G. Buffett Foundation

Humanity United

International Community Foundation

International Indigenous Women's Forum

J. Paul Getty Trust

J.M. Kaplan Fund

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust

Joyce & Irving Goldman Family Foundation

Jubitz Family Foundation

Kalamazoo Community Foundation

King Baudouin Foundation

King Baudouin Foundation United States

Klarman Family Foundation

Koch Foundation, Inc.

Koret Foundation

Lakeside Foundation

Lannan Foundation

Leon Lowenstein Foundation, Inc.

Levi Strauss Foundation

Lisa and Douglas Goldman Fund

Lisa and Michael Leffell Family Foundation

M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust


Maine Community Foundation

Mama Cash

Marguerite Casey Foundation

Marin Community Foundation

Max M. and Marjorie S. Fisher Foundation, Inc.

McKnight Foundation

Mensen met een Missie

Mertz Gilmore Foundation

Meyer Memorial Trust

Micron Technology Foundation, Inc.

Minnesota Community Foundation

Moriah Fund

Naomi and Nehemiah Cohen Foundation

Neelan Tiruchelvam Trust

New Hampshire Charitable Foundation

New Israel Foundation

Newman's Own Foundation

NoVo Foundation

Norwegian Human Rights Fund

O. P. and W. E. Edwards Foundation, Inc.

Oak Foundation

Omaha Community Foundation

One Earth Future Foundation, Inc.

One8 Foundation

Open Society Institute

Orange County Community Foundation

Oregon Community Foundation

Outrider Foundation, Inc.

PRBB Foundation

Pangea: Giving for Global Change

Park Foundation

Patrick G. & Shirley W. Ryan Foundation

Paul Hamlyn Foundation

Peace Direct

Peter G. Peterson Foundation

Ploughshares Fund

Pritzker Foundation

Proteus Fund, Inc.

Public Welfare Foundation, Inc.

Raskob Foundation for Catholic Activities, Inc.

Reconstruction Women's Fund

Resnick Foundation

Rhode Island Foundation

Richard King Mellon Foundation

Robert B. Daugherty Foundation

Robert Bosch Stiftung GmbH

Robertson Foundation

Rochester Area Community Foundation

Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Inc.

Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, Inc.

Rosenberg Foundation

S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation


Sabanci Foundation

San Antonio Area Foundation

Santa Barbara Foundation

Sarah Scaife Foundation, Inc.

Say Yes to Education Foundation

Seattle Foundation

Seattle International Foundation

Secure World Foundation

Segal Family Foundation

Shapiro-Silverberg Foundation

Silicon Valley Community Foundation

Smith Richardson Foundation, Inc.

Sophiagrace Foundation

Sorenson Legacy Foundation

Source of Hope Foundation

Spectemur Agendo, Inc.

St Luke's Foundation

Sunderland Foundation

Surdna Foundation, Inc.

Swartz Foundation

Swig Foundation


Terra Foundation for American Art


The ARCA Foundation

The Abell Foundation, Inc.

The Abramson Family Foundation

The Achelis and Bodman Foundation

The Ahmanson Foundation

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

The Annie E. Casey Foundation

The Anschutz Foundation

The Barrow Cadbury Trust

The Champlin Foundations

The Charles Engelhard Foundation

The Chatlos Foundation, Inc.

The Chicago Community Trust

The Christensen Fund

The Clarence T. C. Ching Foundation

The Cleveland Foundation

The Clowes Fund, Inc.

The Coca-Cola Foundation, Inc.

The Columbus Foundation

The Community Foundation of Louisville, Inc.

The Cummins Foundation

The Dallas Foundation

The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

The Democracy Fund

The Denver Foundation

The Draper Richards Foundation

The Fund for New Jersey

The Global Fund for Children

The Global Fund for Women, Inc.

The Goatie Foundation

The Greater New Orleans Foundation

The Greater Tacoma Community Foundation

The Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation

The Haslam Family Foundation, Inc.

The Humana Foundation, Inc.

The Indigo Trust

The JPB Foundation

The JPMorgan Chase Foundation

The Joyce Foundation

The Kendeda Fund

The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust

The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Inc.

The Maclellan Foundation, Inc.

The Marcus Foundation, Inc.

The Mary Morton Parsons Foundation

The McConnell Foundation

The Mediterranean Women's Fund

The Millstreet Foundation, Inc.

The Minneapolis Foundation

The Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation

The Morton K. and Jane Blaustein Foundation, Inc.

The Nathan Cummings Foundation

The National Lottery Community Fund

The Nduna Foundation

The New York Community Trust

The Paul and Phyllis Fireman Charitable Foundation

The Perot Foundation

The Pittsburgh Foundation

The Precourt Foundation

The Prudential Foundation

The Rockefeller Foundation

The Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Foundation

The Russell Berrie Foundation

The Russell Family Foundation

The Sage Foundation, Inc.

The Saint Paul Foundation

The San Diego Foundation

The San Francisco Foundation

The Scherman Foundation, Inc.

The Schmidt Family Foundation

The Sidney E. Frank Foundation

The Sigrid Rausing Trust

The Skillman Foundation

The Skoll Foundation

The Stanley Center for Peace and Security

The Starr Foundation

The Stewardship Foundation

The Susan Thompson Buffett Foundation

The Tinker Foundation Inc.

The Tudor Trust

The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

The Winston-Salem Foundation

The Wunderkinder Foundation

The Wyss Foundation

The Zellerbach Family Foundation

Thousand Currents

Tides Foundation

Timken Foundation of Canton

Tisch Foundation, Inc.

Town Creek Foundation, Inc.

Triangle Community Foundation

Trust for London


Tulsa Community Foundation

Turner Foundation, Inc.


Ukrainian Women's Fund

Unitarian Universalist Service Committee (UUSC)

United States Institute of Peace

Urgent Action Fund - Africa

Urgent Action Fund for Latin America and the Caribbean

Urgent Action Fund for Women's Human Rights

W.K. Kellogg Foundation

WEM Foundation

Wallace Global Fund II

Walter and Elise Haas Fund

Walton Family Foundation

Wellspring Philanthropic Fund, Inc.

Wilf Family Foundation

William Caspar Graustein Memorial Fund

William Davidson Foundation

William K. Bowes, Jr. Foundation

Women First International Fund

Women Win

Women's Fund Asia

Women's Fund in Georgia

Yellow Chair Foundation

Starting in 2014, the Open Society Foundations’ grants data is reported by and attributed to the individual legal entities that constitute the Foundations. Prior to 2014, grantmaking from these funders are collectively attributed to ‘Open Society Foundations’.