Ploughshares Fund

Through the Peace and Security Funding Index, Candid and the Peace and Security Funders Group aim to illuminate the field of peace and security grantmaking and provide a nuanced understanding of the issues and strategies peace and security funders support. The Index tracks funding for work to prevent future conflict, resolve existing conflict, and support stability and peace across 24 issue areas (e.g., peacebuilding, nuclear issues). It includes grantmaking by institutional funders, including private foundations, public charities, and community foundations.

About the Peace and Security Funders Group

The Peace and Security Funders Group (PSFG) is a network of peace and security funders committed to promoting international peace and security. PSFG is dedicated to enhancing the effectiveness of philanthropy that’s focused on peace and security issues. To this end, PSFG facilitates the exchange of information and ideas; fosters collaboration; and provides educational opportunities for its members. PSFG also encourages new funders to join the field. In addition, PSFG seeks to catalyze a shift in its membership to embrace a more diverse, inclusive, and equitable approach to peace and security funding; and to build a case for why diversity, equity, and inclusion are integral to increased effectiveness of peace and security grantmaking. Learn more at www.peaceandsecurity.org.

About Candid

Foundation Center and GuideStar joined forces in 2019 to become Candid, a 501c3 nonprofit organization. Every year, millions of nonprofits spend trillions of dollars around the world. Candid finds out where that money comes from, where it goes, and why it matters. Through research, collaboration, and training, Candid connects people who want to change the world to the resources they need to do it. Candid’s data tools on nonprofits, foundations, and grants are the most comprehensive in the world. Find out more at www.candid.org.

Frequently Asked Questions

Where is the information/data from?

Candid, the leading source of philanthropy worldwide, compiles grants data from IRS Forms 990 and 990-PF, foundation websites and other public sources, as well as through direct reporting by grantmakers. The data included on the site and in the report is based on grantmaking by a set of the largest U.S. foundations, whose grants data is publicly available. It also includes foundations based in the U.S. and other countries that have provided grants data directly to Candid.

Why does the data stop at 2018—where is the data from 2019?

Because much of the grants information is collected from IRS forms or relies on direct reporting by foundations, there tends to be a several-years lag from the time a grant is made to when the data is made available to Candid. Grants are then loaded to Candid databases, cleaned, and indexed before researchers can develop the comprehensive dataset of peace and security funding.

How do you define peace and security grantmaking?

Peace and security grantmaking includes all grants that aim to prevent and resolve conflict and to support stable, resilient societies. For the purposes of this project, PSFG’s definition of conflict includes recurrent violence involving multiple perpetrators and victims that takes place in locations where there is a partial or complete breakdown in the state’s monopoly on violence or perpetrated by the state itself against a civil population.

How has the project taxonomy changed since the Index was originally launched in April 2016?

For the 2017 Index, we refined our taxonomy and coding strategies in order to present a more precise picture of the peace and security funding landscape. Based on feedback we received from foundations, policymakers, and grantees, the website now displays data by 24 specific issue areas, rather than the five main issue categories that were used to organize the data on the site at the time of the initial launch. You can now see the regional breakdown, top funders, and strategies for each of these 24 issues. Website data from 2012 and 2013 have been mapped against this new taxonomy, though the associated key findings report based on 2013 data has not been updated and reflects the original taxonomy. In 2018, we added an additional issue category for cybersecurity.

Why is the data from 2018 so much lower than that from previous years?

Grants data from 2018 are still in the process of being indexed. Complete data will be added to the site once it’s ready in 2020.

What explains the nearly $100M increase between 2016 and 2017?

The increase in amount is largely due to grantmaking by several funders:

    1. Buffet’s grantmaking was up $40 million over 2016
    2. Kellogg appears in the top ten (unlike in previous years) due to a lot of grantmaking for ‘racial healing and reconciliation’ in a U.S. context. These grants are coded for conflict resolution and peacebuilding (new under PCS II)
    3. Open Society Institute ranks quite high as a funder for 2017 (compared with 2016) and the largest grants are to other OSF entities in Eastern Europe. Foundation to Promote Open Society is down in the rankings, but together OSI and FPOS’ combined total is similar to 2016.
    4. Other prominent funders with increased totals in 2017 are Oak Foundation, Silicon Valley Community Foundation, Rockefeller, and Wellspring

How can I help to improve this research?

Foundations can help to increase the timeliness and accuracy of the Peace and Security Index by submitting recent grants data with detailed descriptions identifying each grant’s purpose and goals via Candid's eReporting program. Our ability to provide a nuanced and up-to-date picture of the funding landscape depends on your support.

Who can I contact if I have questions, feedback, or want to learn more about submitting data?

Please contact Rachel LaForgia rlaforgia [at] peaceandsecurity [dot] org or Inga Ingulfsen inga.ingulfsen [at] candid [dot] org.

What foundations are included in this mapping?

Funders included in the 2017 Peace and Security Index:

A B Charitable Trust

Adelson Family Foundation

African Women's Development Fund

Akron Community Foundation

Alabama Power

Alan B. Slifka Foundation, Inc.

Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

American Friends Service Committee

Annenberg Foundation

Aon Foundation

Arcus Foundation

Arie and Ida Crown Memorial

Arizona Community Foundation

Arkansas Community Foundation

Arnhold Foundation, Inc.

Bader Philanthropies

Barr Foundation

Bernard and Sandra Otterman Foundation

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Bill and Susan Oberndorf Foundation

Bloomberg Philanthropies

Blue Shield of California Foundation

Bohemian Foundation

Boston Foundation Inc

Bridgeway Foundation

Buffett Early Childhood Fund


Caerus Foundation, Inc.

California Community Foundation

Campion Foundation

Carnegie Corporation of New York

Carrie Estelle Doheny Foundation

Catalyst for Peace

Center for Disaster Philanthropy Inc.

Central New York Community Foundation, Inc.

Channel Foundation

Charles K. Blandin Foundation

Charles Koch Foundation

Charles Stewart Mott Foundation

Cherna Moskowitz Foundation

Chino Cienega Foundation

Circle of Service Foundation

Cisco Systems Foundation

Colombe Peace Foundation

Colonel (IL) James N. Pritzker Charitable Distribution Fund

Comic Relief UK

Community Foundation Sonoma County

Community Foundation of Greater Des Moines

Community Foundation of Greater Memphis

Community Foundation of New Jersey

Community Foundation of Santa Cruz County

Compton Foundation, Inc.

Conrad N. Hilton Foundation

CrossCurrents Foundation, Inc.

Dan Murphy Foundation

Delaware Community Foundation

Disability Rights Fund, Inc.

Dorot Foundation

Dreilinden, GmbH

EGL Charitable Foundation

EMpower - The Emerging Markets Foundation

East Bay Community Foundation

Ecumenical Women's Initiative

Einhorn Family Charitable Trust

Elmina B. Sewall Foundation

Endowment of the United States Institute of Peace

Euro-Mediterranean Foundation of Support to Human Rights Defenders

F. R. Bigelow Foundation

Filia die Frauenstiftung

Fondation AGIR SA VIE

Fondo Alquimia

Fondo Centroamericano de Mujeres

Fondo De Mujeres Del Sur

Fondo Lunaria Mujer

Fonds pour les Femmes Congolaises

Ford Foundation

Foundation For The Carolinas

Foundation for Middle East Peace

Foundation for a Just Society

Foundation to Promote Open Society

Freedom House, Inc.

Fund for Global Human Rights, Inc.

GHR Foundation

Gates Family Foundation

Global Dialogue

Global Greengrants Fund

Goldman Environmental Foundation

Good Ventures Foundation

Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Grand Rapids Community Foundation

Grassroots International, Inc.

Greater Cincinnati Foundation

Greater Houston Community Foundation

Greater Kansas City Community Foundation

Greater Milwaukee Foundation

Greater Washington Community Foundation

Gulf Coast Community Foundation

Harold Alfond Foundation

Harold Simmons Foundation

Henry Luce Foundation

Hertog Foundation, Inc.

Hess Foundation, Inc.

Hickey Family Foundation

Hill-Snowdon Foundation

Hillman Family Foundations


Horizons Foundation

Houston Endowment

Howard G. Buffett Foundation

Humanity United

Hunt Alternatives Fund

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

John Templeton Foundation

Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust

Joyce & Irving Goldman Family Foundation

Jubitz Family Foundation

KIOS-The Finnish NGO Foundation for Human Rights

Kalamazoo Community Foundation

Kalliopeia Foundation

King Baudouin Foundation

King Baudouin Foundation

Klarman Family Foundation

Knight Foundation

Koch Foundation, Inc.

Korea Foundation for Women

Koret Foundation

Lannan Foundation

Leon Lowenstein Foundation, Inc.

Lilly Endowment Inc.

Lisa and Douglas Goldman Fund

Lisa and Michael Leffell Family Foundation

M&T Charitable Foundation

M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust

MARPAT Foundation, Inc.

Madre Inc

Mama Cash

Margaret A. Cargill Foundation

Marin Community Foundation

Mertz Gilmore Foundation

Meyer Memorial Trust

Moriah Fund

Motorola Solutions Foundation

Ms. Foundation for Women

NEO Philanthropy

Naomi and Nehemiah Cohen Foundation

Nash Family Foundation

Neelan Tiruchelvam Trust

Network For Social Change

New Hampshire Charitable Foundation

New Israel Foundation

Newman's Own Foundation

Nexus Fund

NoVo Foundation

Norwegian Human Rights Fund

O. P. and W. E. Edwards Foundation, Inc.

Oak Foundation

Omaha Community Foundation

Omidyar Network Fund, Inc.

Open Society Institute

Open Society Policy Center

Oregon Community Foundation

Outrider Foundation, Inc.

PRBB Foundation

Pangea: Giving for Global Change

Park Foundation, Inc.

Peace Development Fund

Peace Direct

Peter G. Peterson Foundation

Ploughshares Fund

Pritzker Foundation

Pro Victimis Foundation

Proteus Fund, Inc.

Public Welfare Foundation, Inc.

Reconstruction Women's Fund

Red Umbrella Fund

Resnick Foundation

Robert & Ardis James Foundation

Robert Bosch Stiftung GmbH

Robertson Foundation

Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Inc.

Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, Inc.

Rose Community Foundation

Roy A. Hunt Foundation

S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation



San Antonio Area Foundation

Santa Barbara Foundation

Sarah Scaife Foundation, Inc.

Say Yes To Education Foundation

Seattle Foundation

Segal Family Foundation

Sequoia Foundation

Shapiro-Silverberg Foundation

Shelby Cullom Davis Charitable Fund

Shimon ben Joseph Foundation

Silicon Valley Community Foundation

Skoll Global Threats Fund

Smith Richardson Foundation, Inc.

Soros Fund Charitable Foundation

Source of Hope Foundation

Steiner-King Foundation

Stephen and Mary Birch Foundation, Inc.

Stephen and Tabitha King Foundation, Inc.




Tamalpais Trust

Ted Arison Family Foundation USA, Inc.

Terra Foundation for American Art

The ARCA Foundation

The Abramson Family Foundation

The Achelis and Bodman Foundation

The Ahmanson Foundation

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

The Annie E. Casey Foundation

The Anschutz Foundation

The Astraea Lesbian Foundation for Justice, Inc.

The Bank of America Charitable Foundation, Inc.

The Bauman Foundation

The Brin Wojcicki Foundation

The Bullitt Foundation

The California Endowment

The California Wellness Foundation

The Charitable Foundation

The Chicago Community Trust

The Christensen Fund

The Clowes Fund, Inc.

The Columbus Foundation and Affiliated Organizations

The Community Foundation for Greater Atlanta

The Community Foundation for Greater New Haven

The David & Elaine Potter Foundation

The David Rockefeller Fund, Inc.

The David Tepper Charitable Foundation, Inc.

The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

The Democracy Fund

The Denver Foundation

The Edward John & Patricia Rosenwald Foundation

The Fund for New Jersey

The Global Fund for Women, Inc.

The Goatie Foundation

The Greater Tacoma Community Foundation

The Hand Foundation

The Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation

The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Foundation, Inc.

The Heinz Endowments

The Henry M. Jackson Foundation

The International Development Research Centre

The JPB Foundation

The Jacobson Family Trust Foundation

The James Irvine Foundation

The Joan and Lewis Platt Foundation

The John R. Oishei Foundation

The Kohlberg Foundation, Inc.

The Kresge Foundation

The Lee and Juliet Folger Fund

The Leichtag Foundation

The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust

The Liberty Mutual Foundation, Inc.

The Lillian Goldman Charitable Trust

The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Inc.

The MATCH International Women's Fund

The MCJ Amelior Foundation

The Maine Community Foundation, Inc.

The Marisla Foundation

The Mediterranean Women’s Fund

The Millstreet Foundation, Inc.

The Minneapolis Foundation

The Nathan Cummings Foundation

The National Lottery Community Fund

The Nduna Foundation

The Neubauer Family Foundation

The New York Community Trust

The Overbrook Foundation

The Paul G. Allen Family Foundation

The Paul and Phyllis Fireman Charitable Foundation

The Philadelphia Foundation

The Prospect Hill Foundation, Inc.

The Prudential Foundation

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

The Rockefeller Foundation

The Rotary Foundation of Rotary International

The Russell Berrie Foundation

The Russell Family Foundation

The Saban Family Foundation

The Sage Foundation, Inc.

The Saint Paul Foundation

The San Diego Foundation

The San Francisco Foundation

The Scherman Foundation, Inc.

The Schmidt Family Foundation

The Sigrid Rausing Trust

The Skoll Foundation

The Spencer Foundation

The Stanley Foundation

The Starr Foundation

The Stewardship Foundation

The Susan Thompson Buffett Foundation

The Swift Foundation

The William H. Donner Foundation

The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

The William and Sue Gross Family Foundation

The Winston Foundation, Inc.

The Wunderkinder Foundation

Thousand Currents

Tides Foundation

Town Creek Foundation, Inc.

Triangle Community Foundation



Ukrainian Women's Fund

Unbound Philanthropy

Unitarian Universalist Service Committee, Inc.

Urgent Action Fund - Africa

Urgent Action Fund for Women's Human Rights

Vermont Community Foundation

Virginia Gildersleeve International Fund

W.K. Kellogg Foundation

WEM Foundation

Wallace Global Fund II

Walton Family Foundation

Wells Fargo Foundation

Wellspring Philanthropic Fund, Inc.

William Davidson Foundation

William K. Bowes, Jr. Foundation

William L. Bricker Trust

William Randolph Hearst Foundation

Women's Fund Asia

Young Feminist Fund

Zell Family Foundation

Starting in 2014, the Open Society Foundations’ grants data is reported by and attributed to the individual legal entities that constitute the Foundations. Prior to 2014, grantmaking from these funders are collectively attributed to ‘Open Society Foundations’.