Ploughshares Fund

Since its launch in 2016, the Peace and Security Funding Index has helped define the field of peace and security grantmaking. Each year, we collect and categorize thousands of grants awarded by hundreds of foundations working on peace and security issues across the globe. In 2015—the latest complete year for which grants data is available—336 foundations made 2,908 grants, totaling $351 million, in support of peace and security work.

In our three years of mapping peace and security grants, we have continually sought to improve the Index by collecting and responding to feedback. As a result, the Index now contains more issues (e.g., cybersecurity), provides a more detailed level of analysis of those issues, and offers a glimpse of more recent data. Despite these improvements, a persistent challenge to improving the Index is our dependency on grant descriptions, which are sometimes missing or lacking detail. More detailed grant descriptions would enable us to better capture peace and security funding, which in turn will help us better facilitate collaboration and increase transparency in the overall field.

Detailed grant descriptions in the data support a nuanced portrait of funding for peace and security work that crosscuts populations, strategies, issues, and regions. For example, we can track not only how much funding went towards conflict and atrocity prevention ($13.2 million in 2015) or the Middle East ($48.5 million), but how much funding for the Middle East was focused on conflict and atrocity prevention ($612,000). This level of specificity allows foundations and other stakeholders to more easily identify partners, and work together to focus their investments to avoid duplication and better leverage their comparative advantages. Given the enormity of global peace and security challenges relative to the amount of funding available (less than one percent of overall foundation giving goes towards peace and security issues), collaboration is imperative for increasing the impact of peace and security grants.

Supplying detailed grant descriptions is also a way for foundations to boost transparency around peace and security funding. In an era where the integrity and value of foundations, philanthropy, and the non-profit sector is being questioned, and sometimes repressed, increased transparency provides a means to counter the spread of misinformation about how funds are being used.

Ultimately, the quality of the Index directly depends on the grants data that we’re able to collect. We encourage foundations to share timely and detailed information about their grantmaking via Foundation Center’s eReporting program. Indeed, to the extent that greater knowledge sharing across the field can increase the effectiveness of peace and security grantmaking, we hope foundations will see the contribution of data as part of their broader efforts to increase global peace and security.

Alexandra I. Toma and Rachel LaForgia
Peace and Security Funders Group


The authors would like to thank the PSFG members who submitted their data and contributed spotlights on their grantmaking. We would also thank Lauren Bradford and Inga Ingulfsen of Foundation Center for their support on this project.

About the Peace and Security Funders Group

The Peace and Security Funders Group is a network of public, private, and family foundations, and individual philanthropists who make grants or expenditures that contribute to peace and global security. We maintain an informed, engaged and collegial community of funders, whose numbers and investments in the field are steadily increasing. We are dedicated to enhancing the effectiveness of philanthropy that’s focused on peace and security issues. To this end, we facilitate the exchange of information and ideas; foster collaboration; and provide educational opportunities for our members. We also encourage new funders to join the field. Learn more at www.peaceandsecurity.org.

About Foundation Center

Established in 1956, Foundation Center is the leading source of information about philanthropy worldwide. Through data, analysis, and training, it connects people who want to change the world to the resources they need to succeed. Foundation Center maintains the most comprehensive database on U.S. and, increasingly, global grantmakers and their grants — a robust, accessible knowledge bank for the sector. It also operates research, education, and training programs designed to advance knowledge of philanthropy at every level. Thousands of people visit Foundation Center’s website each day and are served in its five library/learning centers and at more than 450 Funding Information Network locations nationwide and around the world. Learn more at www.foundationcenter.org.

Frequently Asked Questions

Where is the information/data from?

Candid, the leading source of philanthropy worldwide, compiles grants data from IRS Forms 990 and 990-PF, foundation websites and other public sources, as well as through direct reporting by grantmakers. The data included on the site and in the report is based on grantmaking by a set of the largest U.S. foundations, whose grants data is publicly available. It also includes foundations based in the U.S. and other countries that have provided grants data directly to Candid.

Why does the data stop at 2017—where is the data from 2018 and 2019?

Because much of the grants information is collected from IRS forms or relies on direct reporting by foundations, there tends to be a several-years lag from the time a grant is made to when the data is made available to Candid. Grants are then loaded to Candid databases, cleaned, and indexed before researchers can develop the comprehensive dataset of peace and security funding.

How do you define peace and security grantmaking?

Peace and security grantmaking includes all grants that aim to prevent and resolve conflict and to support stable, resilient societies. For the purposes of this project, PSFG’s definition of conflict includes recurrent violence involving multiple perpetrators and victims that takes place in locations where there is a partial or complete breakdown in the state’s monopoly on violence or perpetrated by the state itself against a civil population.

How has the project taxonomy changed since the Index was originally launched in April 2016?

For the 2017 Index, we refined our taxonomy and coding strategies in order to present a more precise picture of the peace and security funding landscape. Based on feedback we received from foundations, policymakers, and grantees, the website now displays data by 24 specific issue areas, rather than the five main issue categories that were used to organize the data on the site at the time of the initial launch. You can now see the regional breakdown, top funders, and strategies for each of these 24 issues. Website data from 2012 and 2013 have been mapped against this new taxonomy, though the associated key findings report based on 2013 data has not been updated and reflects the original taxonomy. In 2018, we added an additional issue category for cybersecurity.

Why is the data from 2017 so much lower than that from previous years?

Grants data from 2017 are still in the process of being indexed. Complete data will be added to the site once it’s ready later in 2019.

How can I help to improve this research?

Foundations can help to increase the timeliness and accuracy of the Peace and Security Index by submitting recent grants data with detailed descriptions identifying each grant’s purpose and goals via Candid's eReporting program. Our ability to provide a nuanced and up-to-date picture of the funding landscape depends on your support.

Who can I contact if I have questions, feedback, or want to learn more about submitting data?

Please contact Rachel LaForgia rlaforgia [at] peaceandsecurity [dot] org or Anna Koob anna.koob [at] candid [dot] org.

What foundations are included in this mapping?

Funders included in the 2016 Peace and Security Index:

A B Charitable Trust


Abilis Foundation


Adelson Family Foundation

African Women's Development Fund

Alan B. Slifka Foundation, Inc.

Alcoa Foundation

Alex and Marie Manoogian Foundation

Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

American Jewish World Service

American Jewish World Service - Donor Advised Funds

Annenberg Foundation

Aon Foundation

Appleton Foundation

Arizona Community Foundation

August 11 2003 Trust

Berghof Foundation for Conflict Studies

Bernard and Sandra Otterman Foundation

Big Lottery Fund

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Bill and Susan Oberndorf Foundation

Bloomberg Philanthropies

Boeing Company Charitable Trust

Boston Foundation, Inc.


Brazil Human Rights Fund

Bridgeway Foundation

Bright Horizon Foundation

Bush Foundation

CS Fund

Caerus Foundation, Inc.

California Community Foundation

Carnegie Corporation of New York

Carrie Estelle Doheny Foundation

Catalyst for Peace

Center for Disaster Philanthropy Inc.

Central Indiana Community Foundation, Inc.

Central Valley Community Foundation

Channel Foundation

Charles K. Blandin Foundation

Charles Koch Foundation

Charles Stewart Mott Foundation

Charles and Lynn Schusterman Family Foundation

Cherna Moskowitz Foundation

Chino Cienega Foundation

Claneil Foundation, Inc.

Colombe Foundation

Comic Relief UK

Communities Foundation of Texas, Inc.

Community Foundation for Southeast Michigan

Community Foundation of Greater Memphis

Community Foundation of North Texas

Community Foundation of Santa Cruz County

Compton Foundation, Inc.

Conrad N. Hilton Foundation

CrossCurrents Foundation, Inc.

Dan Murphy Foundation

Disability Rights Fund

Dobkin Family Foundation

Dorot Foundation

Dr. Scholl Foundation

EGL Charitable Foundation

EMpower - The Emerging Markets Foundation

Ecumenical Women's Initiative

Eden Hall Foundation

El-Hibri Foundation

Elmina B. Sewall Foundation

Esmée Fairbairn Foundation

Eugene and Emily Grant Family Foundation

Euro-Mediterranean Foundation of Support to Human Rights Defenders

F. M. Kirby Foundation, Inc.

F. R. Bigelow Foundation

Filia die Frauenstiftung

Flora Family Foundation

Fondo Centroamericano de Mujeres

Fondo Lunaria Mujer

Fondo de Accion Urgente de America Latina

Fonds pour les Femmes Congolaises

Ford Foundation

Foundation For The Carolinas

Foundation for Global Peace Building

Foundation for Middle East Peace

Foundation for a Just Society

Foundation to Promote Open Society

Friedman Family Foundation

Fund 1818

Fund For Global Human Rights, Inc.

Fund for Nonviolence

Fundación AVINA

GE Foundation

GHR Foundation

GPD Charitable Trust

Gates Family Foundation

Girls Rights Project

Global Fund for Children

Global Fund for Community Foundations

Global Greengrants Fund

Grassroots International, Inc.

Greater Houston Community Foundation

Greater Kansas City Community Foundation

Greater Milwaukee Foundation

H C S Foundation

Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation

Hawaii Community Foundation

Haëlla Foundation

Hess Foundation, Inc.

Hickey Family Foundation

High Meadows Foundation

Hillman Family Foundations


Horizons Foundation

Howard G. Buffett Foundation

Human Dignity Foundation

Humanity United

Instituto Betty e Jacob Lafer

Jaquelin Hume Foundation

John Deere Foundation

John Templeton Foundation

Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust

Jubitz Family Foundation

KIOS-The Finnish NGO Foundation for Human Rights

Kansas Health Foundation

King Baudouin Foundation

King Baudouin Foundation United States, Inc.

Klarman Family Foundation

Koch Foundation, Inc.

Koret Foundation

Lannan Foundation

Leon Lowenstein Foundation, Inc.

Lisa and Douglas Goldman Fund


MARPAT Foundation, Inc.

Magnum Foundation

Mama Cash

Margaret A. Cargill Foundation

Marguerite Casey Foundation

Marin Community Foundation

Mary's Pence

Meyer Memorial Trust

Millicent and Eugene Bell Foundation

Mize Family Foundation

Moriah Fund

Ms. Foundation for Women

NEO Philanthropy

Naomi and Nehemiah Cohen Foundation

National Endowment for Democracy

Neelan Tiruchelvam Trust

Network For Social Change

New Hampshire Charitable Foundation

New Israel Fund

Nexus Fund

NoVo Foundation

Norwegian Human Rights Fund

O. P. and W. E. Edwards Foundation, Inc.

Omidyar Network Fund, Inc.

One Earth Future Foundation, Inc.

Open Society Institute

Outrider Foundation, Inc.

PRBB Foundation

Paul Hamlyn Foundation

Peace Direct

Peter G. Peterson Foundation

Ploughshares Fund

Proteus Fund, Inc.

Public Welfare Foundation, Inc.

Raskob Foundation for Catholic Activities, Inc.

Reconstruction Women's Fund

Robbins Family Foundation

Robert & Ardis James Foundation

Robert Bosch Stiftung, GmbH

Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Inc.

Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, Inc.

S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation

Sabanci Foundation

Sacred Fire Foundation

Samuel Rubin Foundation, Inc.

San Antonio Area Foundation

Santa Barbara Foundation

Seattle International Foundation

Secure World Foundation


Shelby Cullom Davis Charitable Fund

Silicon Valley Community Foundation

Skoll Global Threats Fund

Soros Fund Charitable Foundation

Spectemur Agendo, Inc.

Steiner-King Foundation

Stephen Lewis Foundation

Susan & Leonard Feinstein Foundation

Swig Foundation

Tamalpais Trust

The Abramson Family Foundation

The Ahmanson Foundation

The Alan and Babette Sainsbury Charitable Fund

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

The Annie E. Casey Foundation

The Anschutz Foundation

The Arca Foundation

The Astraea Lesbian Foundation for Justice, Inc.

The Bank of America Charitable Foundation, Inc.

The Barrow Cadbury Trust

The Bullitt Foundation

The Charina Endowment Fund, Inc.

The Charitable Foundation

The Charles Léopold Mayer Foundation for Human Progress

The Chatlos Foundation, Inc.

The Chicago Community Trust

The Christensen Fund

The Cleveland Foundation

The Clowes Fund, Inc.

The Coca-Cola Foundation, Inc.

The Columbus Foundation and Affiliated Organizations

The Community Foundation for Greater Atlanta

The Community Foundation for Greater New Haven

The Community Foundation for the National Capital Region

The Community Foundation of Greater Chattanooga, Inc.

The Conduit Foundation

The David & Elaine Potter Foundation

The David Tepper Charitable Foundation, Inc.

The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

The Dayton Foundation

The East Bay Community Foundation

The Fund for New Jersey

The Global Fund for Women

The Grainger Foundation Inc.

The Greenbaum Foundation

The HOW Fund

The Hand Foundation

The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Foundation, Inc.

The Heinz Endowments

The Henry Luce Foundation, Inc.

The Henry M. Jackson Foundation

The Holland Foundation

The Hyde and Watson Foundation

The International Development Research Centre

The JPB Foundation

The Jacob and Hilda Blaustein Foundation, Inc.

The Jacobson Family Trust Foundation

The Jaharis Family Foundation, Inc.

The Joan and Lewis Platt Foundation

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

The Laszlo N. Tauber Family Foundation

The Leichtag Foundation

The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust

The Libra Foundation

The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Inc.

The Maine Community Foundation, Inc.

The Marc Haas Foundation, Inc.

The Marisla Foundation

The McKnight Foundation

The Mediterranean Women's Fund

The Millstreet Foundation, Inc.

The Minneapolis Foundation

The Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation

The Morton K. and Jane Blaustein Foundation, Inc.

The Nathan Cummings Foundation

The Nduna Foundation

The Neubauer Family Foundation

The Oak Foundation

The Open Technology Fund

The Overbrook Foundation

The Paul G. Allen Family Foundation

The Pershing Square Foundation

The Pittsburgh Foundation

The Pollination Project Foundation

The Prospect Hill Foundation, Inc.

The Robert A. Welch Foundation

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

The Rotary Foundation of Rotary International

The Russell Berrie Foundation

The Saban Family Foundation

The Sage Foundation, Inc.

The Saint Paul Foundation

The San Diego Foundation

The San Francisco Foundation

The Seattle Foundation

The Sherman Fairchild Foundation, Inc.

The Sigrid Rausing Trust

The Skoll Foundation

The Stanley Foundation

The Stanton Foundation

The Starr Foundation

The Stewardship Foundation

The Susan Thompson Buffett Foundation

The Tikvah Fund

The Tudor Trust

The UN Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women

The Wal-Mart Foundation, Inc.

The Wege Foundation

The William C. Bullitt Foundation, Inc.

The William H. Donner Foundation

The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

The Winston Foundation, Inc.

The Woodward Charitable Trust

The Wunderkinder Foundation

The Wyss Foundation

Tisch Foundation, Inc.

Town Creek Foundation, Inc.

Trag Fondacija


Turner Foundation, Inc.

U.S. Institute of Peace

Ukrainian Women's Fund

Unbound Philanthropy

Unitarian Universalist Service Committee, Inc.

Urgent Action Fund - Africa

Urgent Action Fund for Women's Human Rights

Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program

ViiV Healthcare

Virginia Gildersleeve International Fund

W. K. Kellogg Foundation

WING International

Wallace Genetic Foundation, Inc.

Wallace Global Fund II

Walter and Elise Haas Fund

Walton Family Foundation

William Davidson Foundation

William G. McGowan Charitable Fund, Inc.

William K. Bowes, Jr. Foundation

William Randolph Hearst Foundation

Women Fund Tanzania

Women Win

Young Feminist Fund

Zell Family Foundation

Starting in 2014, the Open Society Foundations’ grants data is reported by and attributed to the individual legal entities that constitute the Foundations. Prior to 2014, grantmaking from these funders are collectively attributed to ‘Open Society Foundations’.